Let's play a quick game of "Would You Rather" survival-style. If you were out in the Alaskan wilderness, by choice or circumstance, would you rather have a knife or a gun with you?
As you make your choice, consider the environment. Since the Alaskan wilderness covers an area of more than 90,000 square miles (233,098 square kilometers), you could encounter any number of survival situations. During the winter, you might wander over an expanse of snow and ice, and in the summertime, you're witness to greener foliage and ambling wildlife. You could be on the side of a mountain, on top of a glacier or in a forest.
Because of its role with many basic survival necessities, you're better off in the Alaskan wilderness, or any wilderness for that matter, with a knife.
But what about protecting yourself from wild animals? What good would a knife do if you're not alive to use it? Although a gun could certainly help you kill Alaskan predators, such as the black bears, Alaska's Department of Natural Resources warns that people with guns often hurt themselves more frequently than they do bears [source: Alaska Department of Natural Resources]. Also, grizzly bears, in particular, will usually shy away from attacking if you stand still, raise your arms and speak to the animal in a commanding voice.
How about shooting a gun as a distress signal? You can use reflective surfaces, like a large knife blade, to create a bright sunspot that you can flash three times as the international signal for rescue needed. If used correctly, people can spot this type of signal from more than 10 miles away (16 kilometers) [source: Tawrell]. And unless you want to lug around a cache of ammunition, a knife will likely prove more lasting for the long haul.
If you aren't convinced yet that knives are a cut above firearms, read the next page to learn more ways they can help you withstand the unique challenges of the Alaskan wilderness.
Survival Knife Uses
Alaskan law requires pilots to carry a survival kit containing a knife on their planes. Likewise, a majority of survival guides and books recommend including some sort of knife in every good kit. Even TV's "Survivorman" host Les Stroud doesn't set off into the wild without one. Because of its myriad uses, some survival sources name the knife as the most important tool that you can take into the wild.
It slices, dices, carves, cuts, whittles, hacks, plies and even removes fleas from your toenails. The knife made sliced bread what it is today, and can mean the difference between life and death for you in the Alaskan wilderness.
Perhaps the most important survival necessity your knife can supply in Alaska is heat. Hypothermia poses a serious danger to people stranded in the wilderness since temperatures in the state's interior can drop to more than minus 40 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 40 degrees Celsius), and the wind and rain of the coastal and northern regions can also send your body temperature plummeting.
To stay warm and dry and avoid hypothermia, you can strike flint against a steel knife blade to create a spark. Other methods also include sharpening the tip of a stick and making a fire plow or bow drill, described in detail in How to Start a Fire Without a Match. Once you have fire, you can also cook, boil and purify water, clean your clothes and produce smoke billows to signal rescuers.
Since glaciers cover parts of Alaska, and snow and ice blanket some of the 3 million lakes and other bodies of water during the winter, you may be wondering how a knife could possibly assist with protecting you from a frozen fate. First, you can chip away ice and snow to hollow out a snow cave shelter. It can also keep you from drowning if you fall through an ice-covered body of water. By stabbing your knife in nearby thicker ice, you can get enough leverage to pull yourself out of the freezing cold, and extremely dangerous, water.
If you have a knife with a longer blade, you can test the compactness of snow on a mountain side. Avalanches claim lives every year in Alaska, and testing whether the snow is dense or layered can save your life. Loose and layered snow means a greater chance for avalanche, and you should probably choose another path down the mountain.
These examples represent only a few ways a knife can serve you in the wild. If you want to learn more ways that knives can help you survive in the wilderness in Alaska and beyond, read the links on the next page.
Related HowStuffWorks Articles
More Great Links
- Alaska Division of Parks and Recreation. "Bears and You." Alaska Department of Natural Resources. (April 8, 2008)http://www.dnr.state.ak.us/parks/safety/bears.htm
- Angier, Bradford and Underwood, Lamar. "Basic Wilderness Survival Skills." Globe Pequot. 2001. (April 8, 2008)http://books.google.com/books?id=h2U4Qsmq3hYC
- Davenport, Gregory. "Wilderness Survival." Stackpole Books. 2006. (April 8, 2008)http://books.google.com/books?id=7ZJjaNNgHhgC
- Ewalt, David M. "The 20 Most Important Tools Ever." Forbes. March 15, 2006. (April 9, 2008)http://www.forbes.com/2006/03/15/technology-tools-history_cx_de_0315intro.html
- Goldenberg, Mami; Wilderness Education Association; Martin, Bruce. "Hiking and Backpacking: Outdoor Adventures." Human Kinetics. 2007. (April 8, 2008)http://books.google.com/books?id=TmRyrz3TDskC
- Rowe, Aaron. "Top 10 Outdoor Survival Tools." Wired Blog. March 17, 2008. (April 8, 2008)http://blog.wired.com/wiredscience/2008/03/top-10-survival.html
- Tawrell, Paul. "Camping & Wilderness Survival." Outdoor Life. 2006. (April 8, 2008)http://books.google.com/books?id=deRKF5kv5wwC
- University of Alaska Risk Management Team. "Remote Travel Planning & Resource Guide." University of Alaska. June 9, 2003. (April 8, 2008)http://www.alaska.edu/swrisk/download/TravPlan.pdf
- Watson, Tom. "How to Think Like a Survivor." Creative Publishing International. 2005. (April 9, 2008)http://books.google.com/books?id=67CIxI52EaoC