Ski Jumping, Racing and Show Skiing
The object of ski jumping is to optimize distance. It's performed on two long skis with short, wide tail fins designed to support your weight while on the ramp. There's a rule for the maximum boat speed for each competitive division, so it's up to the skier to increase the distance they jump. You can do this by making a single, three-quarter, or double cut in order to increase your speed and give you a longer jump. Male jumpers have approached speeds of more than 60 miles per hour (96 kph) at the very base of the ramp, causing them to jump more than 240 feet (73 meters) off a 6-foot (1.8-meter) ramp. Female skiers have jumped more than 170 feet (51.8 meters) from a 5-foot (1.5-meter) ramp.
Show skiing is a form of water skiing in which teams of skiers choose a theme, music, multiple boats or other elements of entertainment to put on a show for a crowd. This is the kind of waterskiing you might associate with TV shows and movies where people stand on each other's shoulders in the shape of a pyramid. They're judged according to difficulty and showmanship.
Ski racing, the fastest type of water skiing, takes place when several water skiers race around a set course. A team consists of a boat driver, an observer, and either one or two skiers. The driver tows the skier at varying speeds, taking into account water conditions, while an observer watches the skiers' signals and relays them to the driver.
For more information on waterskiing and other water sports, look through the links below.
Related HowStuffWorks Articles
- DuKane, Tim. "Teaching Kids to Water Ski." Boating Life Magazine.http://www.boatinglife.com/article/Water-Sports/Teaching-Kids-to-Ski
- "FAQ: USA Water Ski." USA Water Ski.http://waterski.teamusa.org/content/index/164
- International Water Ski Association.http://www.iwsf.com/
- Michael, Kathy. "The Physics of Water-skiing."http://www.urbana.k12.oh.us/HSzab/proj200304/michaelkf/KaMichael.htm
- Pennington, Ian. "History of Water Skiing." Ezine Articles.http://ezinearticles.com/?History-of-Water-Skiing&id=1443687
- Pro Ski Coach: Slalom Skiing.http://www.proskicoach.com/
- Roberts, Charles. "A Review of Water-Skiing Safety in the USA." Tenth International Symposium on Skiing Trauma & Safety. May 1993.http://www.robertsski.com/webpgws/safety.htm
- Thompson, Freda. ""What Mathematical Factors Influence the Sport of Water-skiing?" Practical Applications of Advanced Mathematics.http://education.uncc.edu/cmste/summer/2007%20Practical%20Application%20of%20Advanced%20Mathematics/Factors%20Influencing%20Water-skiing%20paper%20_Freda%20Thompson_.pdf
- USA Water Ski.http://www.usawaterski.org/
- "Water Skiing Basics." Adventure: Fine Living Magazine.http://www.fineliving.com/fine/adventure_essentials/article/0,1663,FINE_1421_1495803,00.html
- "Water Ski Buyers Guide." Dick's Sporting Goods.http://www.dickssportinggoods.com/info/index.jsp?categoryId=222800
- "Water Skiing and Diving." Boat US.http://www.boatus.org/onlinecourse/ReviewPages/BoatUSF/PDF_files/info7b.pdf
- "Water Ski History." World Water Ski Championship 2009.http://waterskiworlds.com/index.php option=com_content&task=view&id=67&Itemid=125
- "World Cup History." Water Ski World Cup.http://www.iwsfranking.com/WSWC/history.htm