How Luge Works

The Training
A member of the USA Luge team works on his form in the Allied Aerospace Low Speed Wind Tunnel.
A member of the USA Luge team works on his form in the Allied Aerospace Low Speed Wind Tunnel.

The start is the most important part of the race. It's the time when the slider is most in control, so his or her training can have the greatest affect on the outcome. Luge athletes build tremendous upper body strength for the start, when they'll propel themselves, their sled and any extra weights onto the course. Hand strength is also required for the start, when the slider paddles as quickly as possible for the first several feet of the course. Since a slider's body faces up to 5 g's during a run, he must be in overall excellent physical and mental condition to manage the 50-second attack on his body and his focus.

In the summer months, luge athletes train hard to build upper body muscles through swimming, weight training and calisthenics. In the winter months, typical luge training includes practice runs every day. Sometimes, they'll practice only starts, developing strength, agility and technique. While the athletes are doing practice runs and starts, coaches are analyzing it all using footage from digital cameras and camcorders, specialized software and prior reports from athletes about what they're feeling on the course. Luge coaches have a deep understanding of sleds and luge physics, and they use the information they gather to make tiny adjustments to the sleds to maximize speed and control for each slider.

The training technology for the U.S. luge team includes:

  • Digital camcorders to record each run from start to finish
  • Six digital cameras placed at intervals on the track
  • Laptop computers
  • Dartfish sports-analyzing software

Luge training also involves sessions in wind tunnels, during which athletes figure out the form that achieves minimum aerodynamic drag. Monitors above the slider's head and at his feet display a number that represents the amount of drag he's experiencing. During the session, with wind blowing over and against him at 90 mph, the athlete makes minute adjustments to his position to lower the drag number.

Training for luge is about strength and precision, but a slider has to have a certain temperament, too. In a CBC interview, Chris Moffat of the Canadian Luge Team explains, "The fastest people are the people that are out of control. It's the fact that you're not always in control that's nice." In luge, adrenaline junkies win.

Photo courtesy ©2005 Torino 2006

For more information on luge, including the 2006 Olympic schedule and venue information, check out the links on the next page.

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