How Luge Works

By: Julia Layton & Kathryn Whitbourne

The Training

A member of the USA Luge team works on his form in the Allied Aerospace Low Speed Wind Tunnel.
A member of the USA Luge team works on his form in the Allied Aerospace Low Speed Wind Tunnel.

The start is the most important part of the race. It's the time when the slider is most in control, so his or her training can have the greatest affect on the outcome. Luge athletes build tremendous upper body strength for the start, when they'll propel themselves, their sled and any extra weights onto the course. Hand strength is also required for the start, when the slider paddles as quickly as possible for the first several feet of the course. Since a slider's body faces up to 5 Gs during a run, he must be in overall excellent physical and mental condition to manage the 50-second attack on his body and his focus.

In the summer months, luge athletes train hard to build upper body muscles through swimming, weight training and calisthenics. In the winter months, typical luge training includes practice runs every day. Sometimes, they'll practice only starts, developing strength, agility and technique. While the athletes are doing practice runs and starts, coaches are analyzing it all using footage from digital cameras, specialized software and prior reports from athletes about what they're feeling on the course. Luge coaches have a deep understanding of sleds and luge physics, and they use the information they gather to make tiny adjustments to the sleds to maximize speed and control for each slider.


The training technology for the U.S. luge team includes:

  • Digital camcorders to record each run from start to finish
  • Six digital cameras placed at intervals on the track
  • Laptop computers
  • Dartfish sports-analyzing software

Luge training also involves sessions in wind tunnels, during which athletes figure out the form that achieves minimum aerodynamic drag. Monitors above the slider's head and at his feet display a number that represents the amount of drag he's experiencing. During the session, with wind blowing over and against him at 90 mph, the athlete makes minute adjustments to his position to lower the drag number.

In preparation for the 2018 Winter Olympics, Dow Chemical worked with the U.S. team to tweak the sled's bridge to allow the athlete to control it better, as compensation for the very frigid temperatures in PyeonChang, South Korea. Very cold temps make the sled materials more rigid.

Training for luge is about strength and precision, but a slider has to have a certain temperament, too. In luge, adrenaline junkies win.

"The run might only be 50 seconds long, not more than a minute, and you're absolutely knackered after the run because you're focusing mentally and physically," British luger Adam Rosen told the IOC. "You're putting your body through so much and you're doing all this while taking the bumps and steering precisely through all these curves going down. But the more you do it, the more you get used to it, [as] you're constantly navigating the sled."

Related Articles

More Great Links


  • Agenzia Torino 2006: Bobsleigh, luge and skeleton facility – Cesana Torinese
  • Alberta Luge Association: Types of Luge.
  • "All About Skeleton Luge." RevoLUGEn'.
  • Booton, Jen, "How Dow Chemical Is Prepping Team USA For Luge In PyeongChang." Sport Techie. (Feb. 13, 2018)
  • Boyle, Alan. "The high-tech race for Olympic gold." MSNBC. February 1, 2002.
  • Torino 2006 - Luge.
  • "Centrifugal Force." University of Virginia Physics.
  • Chang, Gloria. "The science of sliding." February 19, 1998.
  • "Digital gear gives luge the edge." BBC News.
  • "Everything You Need to Know About Luge."
  • Great Britain Luge Association.
  • HAE Streetluge Webcenter.
  • International Olympic Committee, "Adam Rosen's Guide to Luge at PyeongChang 2018" (Feb. 13, 2018)
  • Leo, Alan. "New Olympic Clocks Go for the Gold." TechnologyReview. February 20, 2002.,304,p1.html
  • "Luge: How do engineering and technology play a role in the Olympics?"
  • NBC Olympics. "Luge 101" (Feb. 13, 2018)
  • Luge.
  • Roberts, Selena. "Luge." The New York Times Online. February 5, 2002. ex=1137128400&en=4cca5f848bf3e077&ei=5070
  • Technology Award: Olympic Bobsled and Luge Track. ASHRAE. August 2000. itemid=6040&view=item&categoryid=134&categoryparent=134&page=1&loginid=4497344
  • Torino 2006 - Cesana Pariol - Bobsleigh, Skeleton, Luge
  • "US Steel Team with USA Luge Team to Build Faster Sled." AZoM.
  • "Winter Olympics: Luge." Infoplease.
  • "The wrong side of the tracks." BBC News. January 11, 2002.