Top 5 Tips for Safe Hunting

Tip 1: Practice Gun Safety

Always concentrate on practicing good gun safety habits.
Always concentrate on practicing good gun safety habits.
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The last tip seems the most obvious, but it cannot be overstated: Follow gun safety practices. Treat every gun as if it were loaded at all times­, even if you are absolutely certain it's unloaded. You should keep the gun's action open and only load the gun when you're ready to use it. Never point a gun at yourself or another person. Practice muzzle control -- keep the gun's muzzle pointed in a safe direction. The safest direction is usually toward the ground.

Also, keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready to take a shot. While guns are designed so that your finger fits over the trigger in a natural way, avoid carrying a gun this way. Always keep your finger outside the trigger guard until you're prepared to actually shoot. You should also keep your gun's safety on until you are ready to fire.

If you plan to use a tree stand, you should tie a strong rope or cord to your unloaded rifle. Wait until you are on the stand and secure before pulling your rifle up after you. When you're ready to come down, lower your unloaded rifle to the ground first. Never try to climb up to or down from a tree stand with a loaded weapon.

To learn more about hunting safety and related topics, take a look at the links below.

Relate­d How­StuffWorks Articles


  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Hunting-Associated Injuries and Wearing "Hunter" Orange Clothing -- New York, 1989-1995." Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Oct. 18, 1996. (Dec. 3, 2008)
  • International Hunter Education Assocation. (Dec. 2, 2008)
  • Metzler, Ray. "Don't Let Your Treestand Safety Restraint Leave You Hanging." Outdoor Alabama. (Dec. 3, 2008)
  • New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. "Hunting Safety: The Facts About Hunter Orange." (Dec. 2, 2008)
  • Oakland County Sheriff's Office. "Hunter Safety Tips." Oakland County, Michigan Sheriff's Office. (Dec. 3, 2008)
  • Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. "Hunter Safety Tips." Dec. 12, 2003. (Dec. 2, 2008)
  • Outdoor Alabama. "Alabama Safe Hunting Tips." (Dec. 2, 2008)
  • USDA Forest Service. "Safety: Hunter Safety." Aug. 14, 2008. (Dec. 3, 2008)