How to Read a Topographic Map


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  • Bowie, Soren. "Preparing for a Hike Using a Topographic Map." Trails.com. 2008. (Feb. 18, 2009) http://www.trails.com/articles/preparing-for-a-hike-using-a-topographic-map.aspx
  • National Resources Canada. "Topo Maps: Frequently Asked Questions." Sept. 20, 2007. (Feb. 13, 2009) http://maps.nrcan.gc.ca/topo101/faq_e.php
  • Reed, Mary. "How to Read a Topo Map." Get Out! 2009. (Feb. 13, 2009) http://www.getoutzine.com/node/593
  • Riesterer, Jim. "Map Scales." Geospatial Training & Analysis Cooperative. April 7, 2008. (Feb. 13, 2009) http://geology.isu.edu/geostac/Field_Exercise/topomaps/map_scale.htm
  • U.S. Geological Survey. "Map Scales." Aug. 3, 2006. (Feb. 13, 2009) http://egsc.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/factsheets/fs01502.html
  • U.S. Geological Survey."Topographic Map Symbols." April 28, 2005. (Feb. 13, 2009) http://egsc.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/booklets/symbols/index.html
  • U.S. Geological Survey. "Topographic Mapping." Feb. 25, 2008. (Feb. 13, 2009) http://egsc.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/booklets/topo/topo.html
  • U.S. Geological Survey. "USGS Maps Online Edition." April 13, 2005. (Feb. 13, 2009) http://egsc.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/booklets/usgsmaps/usgsmaps.html