PrevNEXT

How Gem Hunting Works

By: Ed Grabianowski

Hunting Gems for Fun and Profit

A California man filters dirt through a sluice (a tool with barriers along the bottom that trap heavy gold) while panning at Gold Prospecting Adventures in May 2008.
A California man filters dirt through a sluice (a tool with barriers along the bottom that trap heavy gold) while panning at Gold Prospecting Adventures in May 2008.
Justin Sullivan/Getty Images

Gem hunting is simply the act of going out and looking for interesting geologic finds. There are a few different types of gem hunting:

Recreational mining

If you dig up your own rocks and dirt to find gems in, then you're a recreational miner. You might be allowed to excavate a disused area of a mine owned by someone else or get permission to quarry part of someone's property -- including, in some cases, government property. Panning or sluicing for gold, known as placer mining, is another form of recreational mining.

Advertisement

Mine tailings

When a large-scale, commercial mining operation extracts minerals from the ground, it ends up with leftover gravel and dirt. It usually isn't worth the time for these groups to sort through leftovers in order to find small gems that they missed, so they just pile it in a place called a mine dump. Sometimes you can comb through mine dumps for free; other mines charge a fee to dig through their remnants. This is one form of a fee dig.

Fee dig

In addition to mine tailings, some mines prepare gravel and dirt deposits specifically so people can come and dig, looking for gems. Fee digs attract both tourists and gem hunters. Some mines even import rock and dirt from other regions so people may search for exotic gems normally not found in that area. Or, mines might provide material from deep underground, where the average gem hunter couldn't go. Fees can range from $50 to $100 or more, depending on the length of time you spend at the site. Essentially, you're leasing the mineral rights to whatever you find. However, some fee digs charge a percentage of the wholesale price of any rough gems you find.

Geology hiking

Hunting for gems can be as simple as heading out into the wild and seeing what you can find on a walk. You won't be heading to a specific mine or looking through pre-dug piles of gravel -- you'll be searching for gems and minerals already at the surface, exposed by rock falls and erosion. You might do a little digging or chiseling, but no serious mining. You'll probably be hiking in a state park or on private land, where someone has given you permission

Now that you know the different types of gem hunting, let's examine the ideal gem-hunting grounds to meet your needs.

AdventureHunting PrinciplesWhat's so bad about fox hunting?AdventureTraditional Hunting MethodsIntroduction to Rifle HuntingAdventureGame HandlingIntroduction to Hunting TrophiesAdventureTraditional Hunting MethodsIntroduction to Bow HuntingAdventureAlternative Hunting MethodsIntroduction to Party HuntingAdventureHunting RegulationsIntroduction to Hunting LicensesAdventureTraditional Hunting MethodsIs knife hunting the fairest way to hunt?AdventureAlternative Hunting MethodsIntroduction to Sport HuntingAdventureAlternative Hunting MethodsIntroduction to Subsistence HuntingAdventureHunting PrinciplesIntroduction to Unfair HuntingAdventureTraditional Hunting MethodsWhat is still hunting?AdventureTraditional Hunting MethodsIntroduction to Knife HuntingAdventureAlternative Hunting MethodsHow Wolf Hunting WorksAdventureAlternative Hunting MethodsHow Hunting Leases WorkAdventureTraditional Hunting MethodsIntroduction to Hunting ATVsAdventureAlternative Hunting MethodsIntroduction to Hunting PreservesAdventureAlternative Hunting MethodsIntroduction to Internet HuntingAdventureTraditional Hunting MethodsIntroduction to Hunting BlindsAdventureAlternative Hunting MethodsHow Predator Hunting WorksAdventureTraditional Hunting MethodsHow Hunting Calls WorkAdventureHiking & CampingHow Gem Hunting WorksAdventureGame HandlingHow Trophy Hunting WorksAdventureAlternative Hunting MethodsIntroduction to Long-Range HuntingAdventureHunting PrinciplesIntroduction to Fair Chase HuntingAdventureTraditional Hunting MethodsIntroduction to Hunting with DogsAdventureHunting PrinciplesIntroduction to How to Conserve Hunting HabitatsAdventureTraditional Hunting MethodsWhat is the best hunting-dog group and why?AdventureHunting RegulationsIs wolf hunting legal?AdventureHunting Principles5 Hunting Safety TipsAdventureTraditional Hunting MethodsTop 10 Hunting-dog BreedsAdventureHunting PrinciplesDoes deer hunting reduce car accidents?AdventureTraditional Hunting MethodsHow to Choose a Hunting KnifeAdventureHunting PrinciplesIntroduction to Hunting with Respect for LifeAdventureTraditional Hunting MethodsHow to Choose a Hunting RifleAdventureHunting PrinciplesIntroduction to Hunting with Respect for LifeAdventureHunting PrinciplesIntroduction to How to Conserve Hunting HabitatsAdventureTraditional Hunting MethodsWhat is the best hunting-dog group and why?AdventureHunting RegulationsIs wolf hunting legal?AdventureAlternative Hunting MethodsIntroduction to Long-Range HuntingAdventureHiking & CampingHow Gem Hunting WorksAdventureAlternative Hunting MethodsHow Predator Hunting WorksAdventureTraditional Hunting MethodsIntroduction to Hunting ATVsAdventureAlternative Hunting MethodsHow Wolf Hunting WorksAdventureHunting PrinciplesIntroduction to Unfair HuntingAdventureAlternative Hunting MethodsIntroduction to Party HuntingAdventureHunting RegulationsIntroduction to Hunting LicensesAdventureTraditional Hunting MethodsIs knife hunting the fairest way to hunt?AdventureGame HandlingIntroduction to Hunting Trophies