Having the correct bait and lures is great, but how do you use them? Techniques for walleye fishing can vary from season to season, but there are some general techniques that you can try at any time of year:
- Fish for walleye just downstream of any protected areas. These areas include: wing dams, low head dams, dike fields, rock structures and fallen trees. Also, try deep holes in the morning and riffles (areas in the river where the water churns) in the evening.
- Use a "yo-yo" motion for live bait on a jig. Cast your line, allow the bait to fall to the riverbed and then pull up on the line. Repeat this process. Vary the speed at which you pull up. In general, use a quicker pace in shallower water, and a slower pace in deeper water.
- Troll your boat against the current of the river (back trolling) and fish with live bait on a spinner. This gives the illusion of the bait swimming up river -- a hard-to-resist treat for walleye. [sources: Pitlo and Scott]
Here are a few things to keep in mind when fishing in different seasons:
- Spring - Walleye are hungry and ready to spawn. They like to bite fast-moving things. Try a quick "yo-yo" action.
- Summer - Look for walleye hiding in vegetation, and try using a brightly colored lure to get their attention.
- Fall - Follow the walleyes' lead: as temperatures cool down, slow down the timing on the up-and-down motion.
- Winter - Walleye don't eat much in winter and are therefore more difficult to catch. As in fall, the lower the temperature, the slower the approach. [source: Pitlo]
Now you know the basics. Read on to learn other helpful hints.