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If you're planning to fly fish in a river during the salmon run, follow the guidelines below.
You have two major options for salmon fishing: spin fishing and fly fishing. Let's look at both choices to help you decide which is best for you.
If you plan to spin fish, you'll want an 8- to 9-foot (2.4- to 2.7-meter) medium-action graphite rod. This will allow you to keep your line off the water and also help you be aware of strikes. Use a 10-, 12- or 15-pound test line. You need at least 200 yards (182 meters) with a smooth drag on your reel. If you decide to use a leader, use two to four feet of 6- to 10-pound test. If there's clear or low water or heavy fishing pressure, use a light leader [source: Moore].
Anyone who's read the book or seen the film "A River Runs Through It" may have developed a fantasy about fly fishing. If you fit that description, here's the information you need.
Your rod needs to be about a foot longer than one you'd use to spin fish, so roughly 9 to 10 feet (2.7 to 3 meters). Your line weights will be seven, eight or nine. Use a reel of the best quality you can afford -- fighting salmon can give the reel a beating! Make sure the reel can handle a minimum of 150 yards (137 meters) of 20-pound test backing. Fluorescent backing makes it easier to see where your fish is running, and it allows other anglers to see that you've got a fish on your line. You'll want a smooth disc drag to stop runs and wear out the salmon. Full-floating lines give you better control and work well for casting long distances [source: Moore].
In upper areas of the river, or after fish have been in the river for a few days, use smaller flies. Save large flies for lower sections of the river earlier in the run. Have three to four dozen different flies with you in different patterns and sizes. Choose flies that you can quickly tie because you'll lose a lot during the day.
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http://www.takemefishing.org/fishing/fishopedia/species-explorer/details/fishing-methods/fish/sockeye-salmon (Accessed 11/12/08)
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http://wdfw.wa.gov/outreach/fishing/salmon.htm (Accessed 11/11/08)
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http://www.washingtontourist.com/salmon/journey/seven.html (Accessed 11/11/08)
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