Fly fishing is a method of fishing typically done while standing on a river bank or in the water with hip waders on. It might be helpful to use a boat to get from one place to another, and sometimes it might make sense to stand in a boat while fly fishing if the water is too deep.
Fly fishing poles are longer and more flexible than a spinning reel or a bait-casting reel. In the world of fly fishing, you'll want to choose between a fast action rod, a moderate action rod and a slow action rod. A slow action rod will have much more flexibility than fast action rods [Source: Fly Anglers Online].
At the end of the line is the artificial fly, which is where this method of fishing got its name. A fly is often a flashy and attractive lure that resembles an insect. Flies can be made out of many materials, including feathers and deer or elk fur. Some fly fishers think it's taboo to attach live bait to the fly, but it's a possibility. Fly fishing attracts fish because the fly is weighted and resembles a minnow, herring or needle fish, which are the salmon's natural prey.
Fly fishing success is heavily dependent on proper casting techniques. It's best to learn proper casting from experienced fly fishers, which you can do by simply watching their technique out on the water.
Have no access to a river but plenty of lakes? Read on to learn about lake salmon fishing.