How the Bass Spawn Works

By: Vivien Bullen

When Bass Spawn

­Ah, sprin­gtime. The trees are in bloom. The birds are singing. Love is in the air.

Scratch that -- love is in the water.


Like many species, the end of winter means it's time to mate. A fish is able to spawn after they've reached one year in age (they don't waste a lot of time) and exceeded 10 inches (25.4 centimeters) in length [source: Davis].

When the water consistently reaches 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15.6 degrees Celsius), the male bass will move toward spawning ground. Most of the spawn will occur in the spring months -- April, May and even early June -- but are bass such a widespread species that location plays a large role, too. In the southern half of the northern hemisphere, spawning will occur earlier because of the warmer waters. So perhaps it's better to understand the ideal temperatures for spawning to occur.

The ideal water temperature for the bass spawn is between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit (18.3 and 23.9 degrees Celsius). If the water temperature drops below 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15.6 degrees Celsius), the current spawn will be in jeopardy. When the water cools below this point, the male will abandon the nest in search of warmer waters. If left alone, the eggs will likely fall prey to any number of predators and never hatch. Even if an aquatic neighbor doesn't eat them, the spawn won't be protected from harmful debris or other disturbances that the male bass would have fended off.

Read ahead to see what kind of prime real estate bass search for before they mate.