How Monticello Works


Monticello after Jefferson
A bust of Thomas Jefferson by Jean Antoine Houdon.
A bust of Thomas Jefferson by Jean Antoine Houdon.
Nina Leen/Time Life Pictures/Getty Images

While Monticello buzzed with energy when Jefferson ran the plantation, its legacy after Jefferson's death in 1826 was more dismal. Because he was so deeply in debt from costly restorations to Monticello and other expenses like books, his daughter Martha was forced to sell the house and all of its contents at auction.

A year later, the plantation, slaves, livestock and farming equipment were sold, too. An apothecary named James T. Barclay acquired the house and plantation in 1831 for the meager sum of $4,500. He sold it in 1834 to Uriah P. Levy, a disciple of Jefferson's religious philosophies. After his death, it was overtaken b­y the Confederate Army during the Civil War. At last, the Thomas Jefferson Foundation acquired it in 1923. Under the foundation, the house was restored and opened for tourists.

To learn mor­e about Monticello and other topics of historical, mechanical and engineering interest, follow the links below.

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Sources

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  • "Astronomical Case Clock." Thomas Jefferson Foundation Wiki. Jefferson Wiki Community Scholars. 23 July 2007. 29 January 2008. http://wiki.monticello.org/mediawiki/index.php/Astronomical_Case_Clock
  • Bear, James A., Editor. "Jefferson at Monticello: Recollections of a Monticello Slave and of a Monticello Overseer." University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville: 1967.
  • Betts, Edwin Morris and James Adam Bear, Jr., Editors. "The Family Letters of Thomas Jefferson." University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville: 1966.
  • Bowman, Rebecca. "The Name 'Monticello.'" Monticello Research Department. May 1996. 29 January 2008. http://www.monticello.org/reports/life/monticello_name.html
  • Buckley, Jim. "What is a Rumford Fireplace, Anyway?" Buckley Rumford Fireplaces. 2003. 29 January 2008. http://www.rumford.com/articleWhat.html
  • Burstein, Andrew. "The Inner Jefferson." University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville: 1995.
  • "Declaration Desk." Thomas Jefferson Foundation Wiki. Jefferson Wiki Community Scholars. 8 October 2007. 29 January 2008. http://wiki.monticello.org/mediawiki/index.php/Declaration_Desk
  • "Design and Gadgets." The Monticello Classroom. Thomas Jefferson Foundation. 2007. 29 January 2008. http://classroom.monticeloo.org/kids/resources/profile/241/Design-and-Gadgets/
  • "Dome Room." Thomas Jefferson Foundation Wiki. Jefferson Wiki Community Scholars. 19 October 2007. 29 January 2008. http://wiki.monticello.org/mediawiki/index.php/Dome_Room
  • "Dumbwaiters." Thomas Jefferson Foundation Wiki. Jefferson Wiki Community Scholars. 15 October 2007. 29 January 2008. http://wiki.monticello.org/mediawiki/index.php/Dumbwaiters
  • Ellis, Joseph J. "American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson." Vintage Books, New York: 1996.
  • "Entrance Hall." Thomas Jefferson Foundation Wiki. Jefferson Wiki Community Scholars. 16 July 2007. 29 January 2008. http://wiki.monticello.org/mediawiki/index.php/Entrance_Hall
  • "The Farms." Thomas Jefferson Foundation." 24 January 2008. http://www.monticello.org/plantation/farms/index.html
  • "Frequently Asked Questions about Monticello." Thomas Jefferson Foundation. 24 January 2008. http://www.monticello.org/house/house_faq.html
  • "I Rise With the Sun." Thomas Jefferson Foundation. 24 January 2008. http://www.monticello.org/jefferson/dayinlife/sunrise/home.html
  • "James Callender." Thomas Jefferson Foundation Wiki. Jefferson Wiki Community Scholars. 7 January 2008. 29 January 2008. http://wiki.monticello.org/mediawiki/index.php/James_Callender
  • "Jefferson and Architecture." The Monticello Classroom. Thomas Jefferson Foundation. 2007. 29 January 2008. http://classroom.monticello.org/kids/resources/profiles/78/Jefferson-and-Architecture/
  • "Jefferson's Inventions." The Monticello Classroom. Thomas Jefferson Foundation. 2007. 29 January 2008. http://classroom.monticello.org/kids/resources/profile/235/Jeffersons-Inventions/
  • "Jefferson: the Scientist and Gardener." Thomas Jefferson Foundation. 24 January 2008. http://www.monticello.org/gardens/vegetable/science_gardener.html
  • Kephart, Beth. "The Beauty of the Place: Witold Rybczynski's Palladian Pilgrimage." University of Pennsylvania. 1 July 2003. http://www.upenn.edu/researchatpenn/article.php?700&soc
  • Malone, Dumas. "Jefferson and His Time: The Sage of Monticello, Vol. 6." University of Virginia Press, Charlottesville: 1981.
  • "Mulberry Row." Thomas Jefferson Foundation. 1985. 24 January 2008. http://www.monticello.org/plantation/mulberry/index.html
  • "Slave Life at Monticello." The Monticello Classroom. Thomas Jefferson Foundation. 2007. 29 January 2008. http://classroom.monticello.org/kids/resources/profile/259/Elementary/Slave-Life-at-Monticello/
  • Stanton, Louisa C. "Sally Hemings." Monticello Research Department. Thomas Jefferson Foundation. October 1994. 24 January 2008. http://www.monticello.org/plantation/lives/sallyhemings.html
  • "Venetian Porches." Thomas Jefferson Foundation Wiki. Jefferson Wiki Community Scholars. 19 October 2007. 29 January 2008. http://wiki.monticello.org/mediawiki/index.php/Venetian_Porches
  • "The Vineyards." Thomas Jefferson Foundation. 24 January 2008. http://www.monticello.org/gardens/fruit/vineyards.html

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