America's national memorials commemorate historic people, places, and events. Enjoy the guided tours, films and exhibits that many memorials have to offer.
Three thousand years ago, Poverty Point was the center of the most advanced civilization north of the Rio Grande, and a site of massive earthen mounds that took years to construct. Learn more about Poverty Point National Monument.
The first nomadic bands of Native Americans arrived at Russell Cave long before the rise of the first true civilizations in Egypt and the Near East. Learn more about Russell Cave National Monument.
Buck Island Reef National Monument is one of the nation's few underwater parks with both a barrier island and one of the Caribbean's most beautiful barrier reefs. Check out Buck Island Reef National Monument.
Under the grass-covered hills along the Niobrara River in western Nebraska lies a rich concentration of 19-million-year-old fossils, first discovered by Captain James Cook. Read about Agate Fossil Beds National Monument.
Colorado National Monument, located in the western part of the state, is a tribute to both the land and the man who recognized its value, John Otto. Learn more about Colorado National Monument and its caretaker.
Sixty-foot columns of basalt rise like organ pipes above pine forests on the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada Mountains in California. Check out Devil's Postpile National Monument, which preserves these volcanic remains.
This Colorado landmark is no typical dinosaur museum. A quarry site designated a national monument in 1915, itÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s one of the largest known deposits of dinosaur fossils in the world.
El Malpais -- "badlands" in Spanish -- is rich in spectacular volcanic scenery, beautiful natural features, and traces of long-vanished human settlements. Learn more about El Malpais National Monument.
This sandstone bluff rises 200 feet from the desert floor. For thousands of years people crossing the hot dry desert of what is now New Mexico rested here and have been compelled to leave their marks on the rock.
At the edge of the Gila Wilderness, the nation's first designated wilderness area is where the ancient Mogollon people built their homes in the cliffs of the Gila River Valley. Learn more about Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument.
The Hohokam people, named after a modern Pima Indian word meaning "that which has vanished," are believed to have been the first irrigationists in what is now the United States. Check out Hohokam Pima National Monument.
At Hovenweep, on what is now the Colorado-Utah border, the Anasazi Indians built elegant towers that rose from the rocks. Hovenweep National Monument contains the ruins of six clusters of multistory towers located at the heads of canyons.
The history of the Lava Beds National Monument -- a beautiful and desolate place -- is turbulent, both in geologic and human terms. Learn more about Lava Beds National Monument.
In New Mexico's Verde Valley lies Montezuma Castle a multistory dwelling built by the Sinagua more than 800 years ago. The monument also contains Montezuma Well a natural limestone sink fed by artesian springs.
Three massive natural bridges of stone -- the largest and most impressive collection of such formations in the world -- can be found at the Natural Bridges National Monument in southeastern Utah. Learn more about Natural Bridges National Monument.
Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument is internationally known for its collection of petrified insects, trees, and fossils. Read about Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument.
Capulin Volcano National Monument in New Mexico is one of the few places in the world where people can walk into a volcano. A road spirals up the inactive volcano to the summit, where two self-guiding trails begin. Read more about Capulin Volcano.
Casa Grande Ruins National Monument in the Gila River Valley of south Arizona preserves a village once occupied by the Hohokam Indians. The highly developed Hohokam culture was superbly adapted to survive in environment. Read more about Casa Grande Ruins.
The Paiutes called the natural amphitheater of Cedar Breaks National Monument in Utah un-cap-I-cun-ump, or "circle of painted cliffs," for the colorful spires and columns of rock on the mountain. Read more about Cedar Breaks National Monument.
Gigantic boulders balance on stone pedestals in the Chiricahua Mountains. It was called the "Land of the Standing-Up Rocks" by the local Apaches and the "Wonderland of Rocks" by later pioneers. Read more about Chiricahua National Monument.
In colonial times, one could travel from New York City to Canada by water, except for a short portage. Fort Stanwix National Monument now stands on the nearly level ground between the Mohawk River and Wood Creek. Read about vacations to Fort Stanwix.
Effigy Mounds National Monument has earthen mounds in the shape of birds, bears, and simple cones that mark the once-flourishing Woodland Culture of the Upper Mississippi River Valley. Learn about family vacations to Effigy Mound National Monument.
George Washington Carver National Monument was one of the first national sites to highlight the life and work of a black American. Learn about family vacations to the museum and site that preserves the farm where George Washington Carver grew up.
Centuries ago, French-Canadian fur traders paddled 16 hours a day and carried their canoes and hundred of pounds of goods across land trails, often while singing nostalgic French songs. Learn about family vacations to Grand Portage National Monument.
In southeastern Nebraska is Homestead National Monument of America, one of the first claims staked under the Homestead Act of 1862. Learn about vacations to the site, a small remnant of the woods and prairie that pioneers found on the Great Plains.