© National Park Service
Fort Stanwix was built from log and earth in the summer of 1758.
Indians had used the portage, which they called De-O-Wain-Sta, for centuries. The British, realizing that the portage was crucial for commerce, settlement, and military activity in the area, built Fort Stanwix in the summer of 1758 to protect the land passage. The new log and earth fort replaced three smaller forts that had protected the portage during the early years of the French and Indian War. The fort was abandoned by the military after the British conquest of
The importance of
According to legend, the Stars and Stripes, hastily sewn up from garments, flew for the first time during this battle. The other British force, surrounded and cut off from reinforcements, surrendered in Saratoga. These two British defeats marked a turning point in the Revolution and led to the formal French, Dutch, and Spanish alliances that helped the patriots gain independence.
Fort Stanwix survived the three-week British siege with the help of a little trickery engineered by Benedict Arnold, who was still a patriot at the time.
Fort Stanwix National Monument Information
Address: 112 East Park St., Rome, NY
Hours of Operation: Daily, 9 a.m - 5 p.m. April 1 - December 31 except Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's Day
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ABOUT THE AUTHOR:
Eric Peterson is a Denver-based author who has contributed to numerous guidebooks about the Western United States.