Continuing efforts are being made to keep the international submarine community one step ahead of the curve in deep-sea rescue efforts. One key element to this was the opening of the International Submarine Escape and Rescue Liaison Office (ISMERLO) in June 2005. The ISMERLO team, whose office is located in Norfolk, Va., is made up of deep-sea escape and rescue experts from around the world. The goal of ISMERLO is basically to be a 9-1-1 station for all submarine rescue attempts, acting as a go-between for the different submarine communities around the globe. It also endorses procedures and helps to establish international standards for response and rescue. ISMERLO was first used in the training exercises at the 2005 Sorbet Royal, and this experience was crucial to their success of the Priz rescue effort.
In addition to sponsoring the Sorbet Royal, NATO has also begun work on a project called the NATO Submarine Rescue System (NSRS), a European rescue system involving the help of France, Norway and the United Kingdom. The goal of the NSRS is to develop faster response times and the ability to extract and treat more crew members at once.
The actual rescue system is made up of the following elements:
- Rescue vehicles, both manned and remote-operated
- Portable launch and recovery system
- Decompression units
- Emergency life-support capabilities
- Communications equipment
To maximize each rescue effort, the NSRS rescue unit is capable of holding up to 72 crew members at one time, more than double the amount of the United States' DSRV. The equipment is strong enough to withstand the pressures of the deep but light enough to be transported by plane to anywhere in the world within a 72-hour time frame. The three-man crew can take the unit as deep as 2,000 feet with full operational capabilities. It's currently housed at a naval base in Scotland, near several military and civilian airports.
For more information on military and civilian rescue, please move ahead to the links on the following page.
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More Great Links
- "British rescue team heads for sunken submarine." guardian.com, August 17, 2000. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2000/aug/17/kursk.russia4
- "Current submarine rescue services." janes.com, February 19, 2001. http://www.janes.com/defence/naval_forces/news/jni/jni010219_2_n.shtml
- "Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle - DSRV." navy.mil, 2008. http://www.navy.mil/navydata/fact_display.asp?cid=4100&tid=500&ct=4
- "Deepwater rescue system ready to surface." businessweekly.com, May 30, 2007. http://www.businessweekly.co.uk/2007053030939/high-tech-archive/deepwater-rescue-system-ready-to-surface.html
- "Defence Projects: NATO Submarine Rescue System (NSRS)." armedforces.co.uk, 2008. http://www.armedforces.co.uk/projects/raq3f6dac45ad605
- "Drama documentary captures emotional meeting of Russian submariners and their British saviours." BBC, January 4, 2006. http://www.bbc.co.uk/pressoffice/pressreleases/stories/2006/01_january/04/sub.shtml
- "Liberty Bell 7 capsule raised from ocean floor." cnn.com, July 20, 1999. http://www.cnn.com/TECH/space/9907/20/grissom.capsule.01/
- "Remotely Operated Vehicles." uconn.edu, 2008. http://www.nurc.uconn.edu/technologies/rovs.htm
- "Russians saved in deep-sea rescue." BBC, August 7, 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/4128614.stm
- "Sorbet Royal '05." sorbetroyal.celex.net, 2008. http://sorbetroyal2005.celex.net/
- "Submarine plan breaks the surface." bbc.com, April 24, 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/scotland/north_east/6587443.stm
- "Submarine Rescue Diving and Recompression System (SRDRS)." globalsecurity.org, 2008. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ship/systems/srdrs-history.htm
- "Submarine Rescue: Ready for the Unthnkable." navy.mil, 2008. http://www.navy.mil/navydata/cno/n87/usw/issue_9/sub_rescue.html
- "Swede Momsen: Directing the Squalus Rescue & Recovery." navy.mil, 2008. http://www.onr.navy.mil/focus/blowballast/momsen/momsen7.htm
- "Swede Momsen: Diving & Rescue - Momsen Lung." navy.mil, 2008. http://www.onr.navy.mil/Focus/blowballast/momsen/momsen4.htm
- Brockman, Kristina. "Sorbet Royal '05 Draws to a Close." navy.mil, June 30, 2005. http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=18993
- Gabos, Doug. "Submarine Rescue Exercise Teams DSRV Mystic with Foreign Navies." navy.mil, 2008. http://www.navy.mil/navydata/cno/n87/usw/issue_12/rescue_exercise.html
- Gittings, Steve. "Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROV)." noaa.gov, 2008. http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/technology/subs/rov/rov.html"
- Piggot, Mark O. "ISMERLO Put into Action for Submarine Rescue Exercise." navy.mil, June 15, 2005. http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=18783
- Seenan, Gerard. "Deep-sea rescue team tells of drama and relief." guardian.com, August 10, 2005. http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2005/aug/10/military.russia.
- Shewman, McClain. "Allies surface from Deep Sea Rescue Exercise." navy.mil, 2008. http://www.csp.navy.mil/news/dsrv.htm
- Zask, Andrew. "New International Submarine Rescue Coordination Center Opens." navy.mil, September 29, 2004. http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=15339