Acadia National Park


National Parks Image Gallery The ocean pounds Acadia National Park, wearing away everything but the earth's hard granite core. See more pictures of national parks.
©2006 National Park Services

Acadia National Park

PO Box 177

Eagle Lake Road

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Bar Harbor, ME 04609-0177

207-288-3338

www.nps.gov/acad

Just an hour's journey from Bangor International Airport, Acadia National Park is located off the central coast of Maine. Visitors will find plenty to do, whether they choose to absorb Acadia's history and charm at the museum, explore the lakes on a boat cruise, or wander the carriageways on foot.

Entrance fees: $20/vehicle for seven days or $5/individual for seven days

Visitor centers: Winter Visitor Center is open year-round except January 1, Thanksgiving Day, and December 24 and 25. Hulls Cove Visitor Center is closed November 1 through April.

Other services: A museum and two campgrounds

Accommodations:

  • Blackwoods Campground. Open year-round. Reservations recommended. 800-365-CAMP.
  • Seawall Campground. Open from mid-May through mid-September. First-come, first-served.
  • Camping on Isle au Haut. Open from mid-May through mid-October. Requires a special use permit. 207-288-3338.

Visiting Acadia National Park

Both dramatic and sublime, Acadia National Park is a nearly perfect summation of the Maine coast. Completely surrounded by the sea, the park's glacier-scoured interior consists of lovely valleys, lakes, and peaks. As you might expect from a tract of land with wetlands as well as forests and mountains, Acadia houses an abundance of wildlife, including some unusual mammals, fish and birds.

Acadia National Park is a stunning coastal retreat that offers great opportunities for outdoor recreation and it’s one of the best cliff diving spots around. Check out this great cliff diving article and amazing video from Discovery’s Fearless Planet to learn more about this exciting adventure sport.

The park provides many opportunities for active learning and exploring throughout the year. Click to the next page for some sightseeing ideas.

Sightseeing at Acadia National Park

©2006 National Park Services The beauty of Mount Desert has been depicted in both prose and paint.

Visitors can spend a morning at Acadia National Park among the tidal pools, gazing in wonder at the colorful sponges, sea anemone, starfish, and periwinkles, or they can go for an extended hike among the Canadian-like forests of white spruce and paper birch, red maple, and quaking aspen near the summit of Cadillac Mountain. At 1,530 feet, Cadillac Mountain is the highest point on the Atlantic Coast of the Americas north of Brazil. From its often breezy summit, hikers can take in a panoramic view of this wonderland of granite islands and tranquil sea.

For people looking for more solitude, Acadia offers several smaller outer islands, including Isle au Haut, about 15 miles southwest of the primary island in the park (Mount Desert). Acadia is also known for its wildlife, which includes a profusion of coastal bird-life, such as great blue herons and gulls, warblers and juncos, ospreys and eagles, guillemots and terns. Master wildlife photographer Eliot Porter was known to spend hours stalking the birds of Acadia. Marine mammals include harbor and gray seals, porpoises, and finback whales.

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Acadia National Park Photo Opportunities

Acadia National Park offers picturesque panoramas sculpted by the unrelenting sea over thousands of years. To capture this beauty on film, try one of these vantage points:

  • Cadillac Mountain: People say that Cadillac Mountain is one of the places where dawn first brushes the United States. Daylight greets this mountaintop, the highest point on the East coast between Canada's Gaspe Peninsula and Rio de Janeiro, in spectacular waves of purple, red, and blue.
  • Somes Sound: A deep coastal valley has been filled by the sea to create Somes Sound, the only true fjord in the contiguous 48 states. Framed by the Cadillac Mountain range, sunsets over Somes Sound are spectacular.
  • Schoodic Peninsula: Across an inlet to the east, the Schoodic Peninsula is a remote, untamed intrusion into the ocean, where enormous granite rocks brace against the endless lashing of the waves. From Schoodic Peninsula, the view out over the water is starkly beautiful.
  • Frenchman's Bay: Containing Sheep Porcupine Island and Bald Porcupine Island, Frenchman Bay is located off the northeast side of Mount Desert Island near the Visitor Center. Sunrises over the bay are particularly breathtaking.
©2006 National Park ServicesThe same pristine Maine coast that inspired maritime artist Winslow Homercan be seen in the sweeping landscapes of Acadia National Park.

Now that you've read about the must-see sights of Acadia, let's back up and examine how these amazing mountains and lakes came to be. On the next page, learn about the glaciers that carved out rock formations and the explorers who discovered them.

History: How Acadia National Park Was Formed

©2006 National Park Services Acadia's cliffs were scraped out by glaciers thousands of years ago

As you take in the beauty of Acadia National Park, it's natural to ask how this piece of land was formed. Approximately two millennia ago, Mount Desert Island sat atop a steep granite ridge on the edge of the North American continental mainland.

When enormous sheets of ice -- some of them close to two miles thick -- advanced from the north, glaciers flowed over the tops of the coastal mountains. When the great glaciers moved, they smoothed the tops of the mountains, scraping out large pits that later became lakes, at the same time gouging out valleys and passes through the mountains.

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The glaciers began melting as the earth's atmosphere warmed. The corresponding rise in the level of the oceans flooded many of the coastal valleys, creating inlets and harbors and also cutting off sections of the shoreline from the mainland. A glance at the map makes it easy to see that Mount Desert Island was formed this way. Its lake-studded, mountainous interior is a testimony to the work of ice thousands of years ago.

Acadia National Park History: Inhabitants and Exploration

The park is in a region that was once a French colonial territory called La Cadie. The area was first explored in 1604 by Samuel de Champlain. His ship crashed into a shoal off the coast and required extensive repairs. While Champlain's party was stranded, he led them ashore to explore the interior.

There he encountered people from the Abnaki tribe who lived on the island during the summer. Because of its hills, mountains, and rugged coast, they called it Pemetic, "the sloping land." Champlain renamed the pristine island, blessed with forests, lakes, and mountains, L'Isle des Monts Deserts, or "island of desert mountains," because from the sea it looked barren and wasted.

Interested mainly in the island's beavers because their pelts drew high prices in Europe, Champlain returned to France with wondrous tales. A French mission was established there a few years later. Following a century and a half of war between the French and British over control of the New World, the island finally fell into the hands of the English in 1759, just 17 years before the American Revolution.

During the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, a number of millionaires, including John D. Rockefeller, began spending their summers exploring Mount Desert Island. By 1917, Rockefeller became convinced that the rapidly proliferating automobile would soon destroy the island's natural beauty and serenity, so he undertook the construction of an elaborate network of gravel paths. The roadways were for horse-drawn carriages only.

Automobiles were not allowed on the 57 miles of paths and 17 granite bridges, each exquisitely built by hand. Later, Rockefeller donated the about 44 miles of the paths, the bridges, and 11,000 acres of his own land to Acadia National Park.

Today, the park occupies about half the island, as well as several smaller islands. Private estates and charming coastal villages comprise the rest of Mount Desert Island. Rockefeller's carriageways are still in use and still not open to automobiles. Today they provide an easy, civilized, and inviting route into the park for walkers, horseback riders, bicyclists, joggers, and, in winter, cross-country skiers.

Thanks to the foresight and generosity of people like Rockefeller and George Dorr, the park's initial superintendent, Acadia National Park became the first national park established east of the Mississippi. It is a wilderness treasure that everyone can enjoy.

©Publications International, Ltd.

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