If you're in a worst case survival scenario, you'll have to contend with insects. Not only are they annoying, but insects can carry diseases. In fact, mosquito-borne illnesses kill more people worldwide than anything else [source: Outside Magazine]. Ticks carry Rocky Mountain spotted fever and Lyme disease. Even biting flies can transmit typhoid, cholera and dysentery.
If you're traveling to some place where these diseases run rampant, look into immunizations and use insect repellent and netting. To avoid ticks, give your body and head a good once-over three times a day. If you find a tick, coat it with something like Vaseline or tree sap to cut off its air supply. This will choke the tick, and it will release itself. You can also touch it with a hot match or ember, but be careful not to burn yourself. Use tweezers if you have them to remove the entire tick and wash the area immediately with soap and water.
If you're stung by a bee or wasp, remove the stinger and venom sac by scraping it out with a clean knife blade. Wash the sting site, and if you're allergic to any kind of insect, don't forget to bring your remedy along. If you get bitten or stung, avoid the temptation to scratch the area. This could lead to infection. Apply a cold compress or make a nice cool mud paste for the bite or sting.
Venomous spider bites may not be painful at first, but local pain will soon develop and then spread over your entire body. You'll also likely experience stomach cramps, nausea and vomiting, weakness, tremors and sweating. Clean the infected area immediately and be prepared to perform CPR in severe cases. Get to an emergency room as soon as possible.
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More Great Links
- "Bites and Stings." wilderness-survival.net. 2008.http://www.wilderness-survival.net/medicine-5.php
- "Dehydration: Signs and Symptoms." The Mayo Clinic. 2008. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/dehydration/DS00561/DSECTION=2
- "Diseases." jungleformula.com. 2008.http://www.jungleformula.co.uk/diseases/index.html
- "Edibility of Plants." wilderness-survival.net. 2008. http://www.wilderness-survival.net/plants-1.php
- "Fatigue: When to rest, when to worry." mayoclinic.com. 2008. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fatigue/HQ00673
- "How Long Can a Person Survive Without Food?" professorshouse.com. 2008. http://www.professorshouse.com/food-beverage/food/how-long-can-a-person-survive-without-food.aspx
- "Insect Bites and Stings." National Institute of Health. 2008.http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/insectbitesandstings.html
- "Rainwater harvesting methods," wilderness-survival-skills.com. 2007.http://www.wilderness-survival-skills.com/rainwater-harvesting.html
- "Surviving the Cold Weather." National Safety Council. 2007. http://www.nsc.org/library/facts/cold.htm
- "Water Trivia Facts." epa.gov. 2008.http://www.epa.gov/SAFEWATER/kids/water_trivia_facts.html
- "Water." uconn.edu. December 2001. http://www.team.uconn.edu/15%20nfs%20kidswater.pdf
- "Waterborne Illnesses." Center for Disease Control and Prevention. 2008.http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dpd/parasites/waterborne/default.htm
- Anisman-Reiner, Victoria. "Half Your Weight in Water." suite101.com. November 16, 2006.http://naturalmedicine.suite101.com/blog.cfm/half_your_weight_in_water
- Jolin, K. " Wilderness Survival: How to Obtain Safe Drinking Water." associatedcontent.com. August 29, 2007.http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/357037/wilderness_survival_how_to_obtain_safe.html
- Kaiser, Manfred. "Cold Weather Mortaility." Global Bioweather Resources. 2007. http://globalbioweather.com/resources/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=281&Itemid=33
- Koerner, Brendan I. "How Long Can You Go Without Food?" slate.com. June 10, 2004.http://www.slate.com/id/2102228/
- Lieberson, Alan D. "How long can a person survive without food?" sciam.com. November 8, 2004.http://www.sciam.com/biology/article/id/how-long-can-a-person-sur
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