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How Hunting Preserves Work

Hunting Preserves and Game Migration

As land disappears, the wildlife goes with it. For the 10,000 sandhill cranes that stop at Indiana's Jasper-Pulaski Wildlife Area on their migratory path, the value of this ­hunting preserve turned wildlife area cannot be argued. Designated as a gamefarm and game preserve in the 1930s, Jasper-Pulaski now maintains more than 8,000 acres (3,237.6 hectares) of wildlife habitat for these and other­ migratory animals [source: Indiana Department of Natural Resources]. For the cranes, resting grounds such as Jasper-Pulaski or Wyoming's Greater Yellowstone area are crucial to the species' survival.

­Migration is nature's way of ensuring species' survival, providing the necessary shelter and access to food during all seasons. Preserves located on migration ground see many animals come through during the migration, which allows hunters a greater opportunity to shoot a prize specimen.

One of the arguments against hunting preserves, however, is that this opportunity is nothing more than a "canned hunt," as many private hunting lands uses fences to contain prey [source: Gerstenzang]. It was during a private hunt that Vice President Dick Cheney wounded a fellow hunter in 2006, drawing wide-spread criticism to the sport.

Preservations can also be used for game privatization, which has the hunting community torn. Read on to discover why.