Want to tell your story through a series of action shots taken one after the other? First, get yourself stable. If you're in a situation where you can use a tripod or monopod, go for it. Set your camera manually so the only thing that will vary from shot to shot is the location of the subject, not how you depict it. Try a narrow aperture so everything in the frame is in focus. However, your shutter speed will need to be quick enough to freeze the action -- at least 1/500. Kick up your ISO if needed. Set your camera to burst mode. Let your camera go and take those photos. When choosing photos from the sequence to display, select some with space between them so the images don't overlap too much.
Taking Action Photos in Low Light
When you venture out in the sun to take photos, light is helpful, but what if you're inside at a sporting event or dance show? Or what if that sun sneaks behind a cloud cover? In this case, you'll be facing a low light situation.
Here's the issue with low light for action photos. In low light, you need to adjust your camera to let enough light in. If you'll recall, that means you need to either use a slower shutter speed or a larger aperture. Well, if your goal is to freeze action, you've learned that you need a fast shutter speed. That leaves you with using your aperture setting for light -- but even at the largest aperture setting, you still might not be letting in enough light.
Don't worry, though. There are a few photo tips to help. Consider the following:
- Try a fast lens, which allows for a fast shutter speed and very wide aperture. Some telephoto zoom lenses come as large as f/2.8. Even some fixed lenses come as large as f/1.2 to f/2.8.
- Don't have enough light? Add your own. Keep in mind that indoor events may have strict rules about using a flash. Also, your onboard flash may not be powerful enough; you may need an external flash. If that isn't an option, and you're allowed to shoot with a flash, check the specs on your camera to see the range for your onboard flash and stay within it -- if you can get that close.
- Increase your ISO to 400 or even 800. Note, though, that with higher ISOs, you'll sometimes see more of the grainy dots that make up an image. This is called noise. Higher-end SLR digital cameras have a noise-reduction option that can help cut down on those dots.
- Try overexposing by one or two f/stops. This may work, but you'll increase your chances for noise.
- Help your camera out when it comes to focusing in low-light situations. Focus on something the same distance away from you, but in better light. Lock the focus, return to your subject and take your photos.
You've learned a lot about techniques in this article, but the best way to refine your action photography skills is to practice. Soon, you'll be capturing action like a pro -- storing family memories, highlighting your favorite sports and pausing powerful moments for safe-keeping.