Like HowStuffWorks on Facebook!

McLoughlin House National Historic Site


Thirteen miles south of Portland, in Oregon City, stands the McLoughlin House, one of the few remaining pioneer homes in the former Oregon Country, a region­ that once stretched from Alaska to California and from the Pacific to the Rockies. Built in 1845-46 by the "Father of Oregon," Dr. John McLoughlin, the home was known locally as "the house of many beds" due to the hospitality he extended to immigrants and others passing through Oregon City.

McLoughlin House National Historic Site
©National Park Service
In 1941, McLoughlin House became the first site in the west to be designated
by Congress as a National Historic Site.

Employed by British-owned Hudson's Bay Company as chief broker at Fort Vancouver, McLoughlin's job included discouraging American immigration to the region. He defied this policy openly, foreseeing that the declining fur trade and the unstemmable tide of American settlers would eventually doom Britain's claim over the Oregon Country. After a falling-out with Governor George Simpson, the Company's top official in North America, McLoughlin resigned in 1845. He moved to Company land along the Willamette River, and purchased the title for $20,000. There he built his home and, in 1851, was granted American citizenship.

A generous supporter of newcomers to the region, he helped them by providing food, supplies, credit, and land for schools and churches. Furnished to look as it did in McLoughlin's time, the home is owned and operated by the McLoughlin Memorial Association. This site is part of the Fort Vancouver National Historic Site; it was added in 2003.

McLoughlin House National Historic Site Information

Address: 713 Center Street, Oregon City, OR
Telephone: 503/656-5146
Hours of Operation: Wed. - Sat., 10 a.m. to 4 p.m; Sun., 1:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m.
Admission: $3 per individual; $5 per family

Learn more about these other national historic sites:

Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site Clara Barton National Historic Site
Fort Larned National Historic Site
Grant Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site
Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site
Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site
Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site
Adams National Historic Site
Edgar Allen Poe National Historic Site Fort Raleigh National Historic Site Hampton National Historic Site Lincoln Home National Historic Site Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site
Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site Edison National Historic Site Fort Scott National Historic Site Harry S. Truman National Historic Site Longfellow National Historic Site Sagamore Hill National Historic Site Thomas Stone National Historic Site
Andrew Johnson National Historic Site Eisenhower National Historic Site Fort Smith National Historic Site Herbert Hoover National Historic Site Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site Saint Paul's Church National Historic Site Thomas Stone National Historic Site
Boston African -American National Historic Site Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site Fort Vancouver National Historic Site Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site Manzanar National Historic Site

Saint-
Gaudens National Historic Site

Touro Synagogue National Historic Site
Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site Eugene O'Neill National Historic Site Frederick Douglass National Historic Site Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site Martin Van Buren National Historic Site Salem Maritime National Historic Site Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site
Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site Ford's Theatre National Historic Site Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site Mary McLeod Bethune House National Historic Site Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site Weir Farm National Historic Site
Charles Pinckney National Historic Site Fort Bowie National Historic Site Friendship Hill National Historic Site James A. Garfield National Historic Site Mc Loughlin House National Historic Site Sewall -Belmont House National Historic Site Whitman Mission National Historic Site
Chicago Portage National Historic Site
Fort Davis National Historic Site Gloria Dei Church National Historic Site Jimmy Carter National Historic Site Ninety Six National Historic Site Springfield Armory National Historic Site William Howard Taft National Historic Site
Christian
-sted National Historic Site
Fort Laramie National Historic Site Golden Spike National Historic Site John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site Palo Alto Battlefield National Historic Site Steamtown National Historic Site

To learn more about national monuments, memorials, and historic sites, and other travel destinations in North America, visit:

ABOUT THE AUTHOR:

Eric Peterson is a Denver-based author who has contributed to numerous guidebooks about the Western United States.